“ Light makes photography. Embrace light. Admire it. Love it. But above all know light. Know it for all you are worth and you will know the key to photography.” George Eastman
To make this simple, to understand light is to understand a major part of photography.
How will this lesson help you?
Following these easy steps will help you to control the light when taking photos. One way to do this is to use the settings on your camera, including aperture, with confidence and so improve your photo results.
If you look the word photography you can see it means‘ painting with light’.
You need to pay a great deal of attention to the light because the way you see the light and use it will make a great deal of difference to every one of your photos. More than that it will change the way you see the world.
Understanding and controlling light reaching the sensor of your camera is one of the main keys to successful photography.
Three ways of controlling light are;
In this lesson we will learn about Aperture.
In This Lesson You Will
This lesson should take about 30 minutes but remember the more time you spend the better you get.
Before you do this lesson make sure you have printed and put into your Photography Journal the photos from Eclass 1 and 2.
- A Smart Phone Camera OR a Compact Camera OR an SLR camera with a medium telephoto lens.
- A subject like a child’s toy OR a vase of flowers OR a sill life arrangement with candles, shells, tea pot etc.
- The instruction book for your camera. If you no longer have the instruction book that came with your camera you can Google the make and model number of your camera on the internet and you should find the instruction book.
Royal Mulla Mulla F5.6 or
Sydney Harbour Bridge F11 or
- Remember your learning from Eclass 1 and make sure you have turned on the grid and use it in all the following photos. Eclass 2 check your settings for Resolution and Camera Modes.
- Find where you can select your aperture on your camera. If you don’t know where to do this go to your camera’s instruction manual to find it.
- Set up your arrangement on a table or somewhere you can easily move around
- Make sure you have an uncluttered background.
- Camera Settings – Turn off the auto setting in your camera’s menu. If your camera is on auto it will compensate for different lighting conditions and possibly throw in a flash.
- Smart phone and Compact camera users use the portrait mode from your menu if you can’t dial in aperture priority.
- SLR users turn on Aperture priority where you control the size of the opening and the camera controls the shutter speed.
- Focus on the eyes or the most important part of your subject.
- Take a photo of your subject using the portrait setting ( an outline of people) for Smart Phone and compact camera users. SLR users please use the setting of F5.6.
- Take a photo of your subject using the landscape setting ( an outline of mountains) for Smart Phone users, Compact Camera users and F22 for SLR users.
- Go outside to a place where you can see into the distance, along a road, to the mountains, along a beach.
- Set the camera to portrait setting or F5.6 and focus on an item close to you. Then take the photo.
- Set the camera to Landscape mode setting (mountains) and focus on an item close to you. Then take the photo.
- Experiment with other F stops and the same subjects to see the different results you can get.
- Choose your best examples that show how aperture settings affect your photos and print them off.
- Download and Print off your photos.
- Paste the photos you have taken on the Aperture sheet of A4 paper and place them in your folder.
- Under each photo write a comment, do you like the result? What is it about the photo you like? What will you do differently next time?
- Reflect on your experiences and write down 2 things that you have discovered that you think are very important.
If you have time, using the grid and different apertures take photos of the same subject using different view points.
- Looking down
- Looking up
- At eye level
Photo Speak – special words used by photographers.
Congratulations on finishing Lesson 3 !!! Give Yourself A Treat!
Now you can choose the correct aperture or setting for your subject
This is the next step in your Photographic Journey to Success. Paste your photos on the page below and comment on your results.
To keep following this path set aside a regular time slot in your week so you can get the best results for your efforts.